Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects a person’s ability to communicate and interact with others. It is typically diagnosed in childhood and is characterized by a combination of social interactions problems, difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive patterns of behavior. According to the DSM-5 which is a diagnostic manual for mental disorders, this condition includes the previously known autistic disorder, Asperger’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and other developmental disorders not otherwise specified.
Approximately 1 in 54 children have been diagnosed with autism. Additionally, approximately 4 times as many boys as girls are diagnosed. Although still under investigation, the true cause of autism is not known.
Autism is typically diagnosed at a young age (at the age of 2 or even at 18 months). Regardless of the multiple diagnostic criteria for this condition, many patients are not correctly diagnosed until they reach adolescence or even early adulthood. Therefore, whenever a child has developmental delays or is at risk for mental health problems, parents should seek help from medical professionals as soon as possible.
Discover the 10 Signs every parent should look out for on the next page. it’s important to watch out for what could hurt our kid’s future and eliminate every risk.